Archive for the ‘Useful’ Category

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UTM pages, price of quotation Documen

Posted: December 19, 2013 in Useful, UTM

138 pages x 0.35 for A4 size

= RM 48.30 + A3

 

Normal Quoatation RM30.00 exactly RM24/28

Contract maintenance 166 pages

166 pages x RM 0.35 = RM 58.10

Merancang Keluarga

Posted: October 24, 2013 in fakta menarik, Kesihatan, Useful

Dalam Quran disebutkan menyusu selama 2 tahun, selepas 2 tahun sudah sesuai untuk kehamilan seterusnya

Tempoh mengandung terbaik pada umur 20 tahun hingga 34 tahun

Maksimum umur 40 tahun, lebih dari itu perlu jagaan rapi dari aspek kesihatan

 

5 Persediaan sebelum mengandung 

Fizikal

Mental

Ekonomi

Masa

Sosial

Anak yang dipeluk setiap mempunyai IQ yang lebih baik dari anak yang jarang dipeluk

Prof Dr Harlina Halizah Siraj

UKM Medical Centre

Student Accommodation Complex UTM

Posted: August 28, 2013 in Useful

Contractor -Ahmad Zaki

4 Towers (27 storey building, 11 etc )

Consist of

Bowling, multipurpose hall, swimming pool, commercial center

 

accommodation 500 rooms (300 double room, 150 single, 50 etc

3 years contract from July 21st, 2013 to July 21st, 2016

 

“Ya Allah jika memang kehidupan penjara lebih beerti bagiku dari dunia luar, maka aku memilih tinggal di penjara tapi dekat denganmu daripada aku hidup bersama manusia penuh dusta”

 

Doa Nabi yunus

~ Tiada Tuhan melainkan Engkau (ya Allah)! Maha Suci Engkau, Sesungguhnya aku adalah dari orang-orang yang menganiaya diri sendiri ~

“Daripada Abu Abdillah bin Abd Rahman bahawa apabila Nabi Yunus a.s. berdoa bermunajat dengan doa :
لا إِلهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ سُبْحانَكَ إِنّى‏ كُنْتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمينَ
“Bahawa tidak ada Tuhan selain Engkau, Maha Suci Engkau, sesungguhnya aku adalah termasuk orang-orang yang zalim”

ketika berada di dalam perut ikan, sampai suaranya ke Arasy Allah.

Malaikat memberitahu Allah SWT tentang doa hamba-Nya yang daif dari tempat yang asing.
Lalu Allah SWT bertanya kepada para malaikat : “Tahukah kamu suara siapa itu?”
Malaikat menjawab : “Tidak ya Allah”
Allah SWT memberitahu, “Itulah suara Yunus hamba-Ku.”
Malaikat mengatakan,”Ya Allah, Engkau Maha Pengampun terhadapnya. Dia sentiasa mengingati-Mu ketika senang, maka ingatlah dia ketika dalam kesusahan.”
Allah menjawab : “Sudah tentu”
Maka Dia memerintahkan agar ikan itu membebaskan Nabi Yunus dari perutnya.”
Menurut sebuah hadis sahih riwayat Tirmizi, Nabi SAW menyatakan yang bermaksud : “Sesungguhnya tiada seorang muslim pun memanjatkan doa ini dalam apa keadaan sekali pun, melainkan Allah akan memperkenankannya.” (Hadis Riwayat Tirmizi dalam bab al-Da’awat no. 3505, di anggap sahih oleh al-Albani)

 

Kenali Tyre anda

Posted: June 20, 2012 in fakta menarik, Useful

MAHRAM

Posted: May 23, 2012 in Islam, Useful

Image

Cara semak kualiti telefon

Posted: October 27, 2011 in fakta menarik, Useful

Untuk mengetahui status keaslian buatan telefon bimbit anda

► sila taip *#06#

► akan keluar IMEI [International Mobile Equipment Identity]

► semak nombor IMEI telefon anda di kedudukan 7 dan 8

… Contoh : 358671017470473

… Kedudukan ke 7 dan 8 ialah 01

02 atau 20 : dari China = KUALITI RENDAH

08 atau 80: dari Germany = KUALITI SEDERHANA

01 atau 10: dari Finland = TERBAIK

00 atau 03 atau 04: dari kilang asal = SANGAT TERBAIK

13 : dari Azerbaijan = SANGAT KURANG KUALITI & MERBAHAYA

…..sebagai panduan kita bersama…..Wa’allahua’lam 

Assalamualaikum , 

Hari ini saya ingin kongsikan dengan anda bagaimana untuk kita mengenal pasti ubat-ubatan yang mengandungi sumber khinzir. Satu cara yang paling penting ialah dengan membaca label pada produk ubat tersebut. 

Tapi… macam mana kita nak tahu kalau kita tak paham istilah-istilah sains yang sering digunakan pada label ubat? 

Dalam Bahsa Melayu, perkataan Babi atau Khinzir jelas menggambarkan haiwan berkaki empat ini sama ada daging babi, bulu babi ataupun kulit babi. Tetapi di dalam bahasa Inggeris, kita mungkin terkeliru dengan pelbagai istilah yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan haiwan ini. Contohnya: 

1. Pork : Istilah yang digunakan untuk daging babi di dalam masakan. 

2. Swine : Istilah yang digunakan untuk keseluruhan kumpulan spesis babi. 

3. Pig : Istilah umum untuk seekor babi atau sebenarnya bermaksud babi muda, berat kuran 50kg. 

4. Hog : Istilah untuk babi dewasa, berat melebihi 50kg. 

5. Porcine : Istilah yang digunakan untuk sesuatu yang berkaitan atau berasal dari babi. Porcine sering digunakan di dalam bidang perubatan untuk menyatakan penggunaan sumber yang berasal dari babi. 

6. Boar : Babi liar, babi hutan 

7. Sow : Istilah untuk babi betina dewasa yang jarang digunakan. 

8. Sow Milk : Susu BAbi 

9.Bacon – daging babi

10.Ham -babi juga

dan ada pelbagai istilah lagi… 

Daripada pelbagai istilah Bahasa Inggeris yang menggambarkan haiwan babi, istilah Porcine sering digunakan dalam bidang perubatan atau label ubat. Mungkin ramai orang Islam yang tidak mengetahui bahawa label yang bertulis “This product contain substance from porcine” bermaksud “Produk ini mengandungi bahan dari babi”, atau label yang menyatakan “The source of gelatin capsule is porcine” bermaksud “Kapsul dari gelatin babi”. 

Contoh contoh label produk yang mengandungi babi dan apa pilihan alternatif yang ada didedahkan di dalam buku bertajuk “Ubat Daripada Sumber Babi & Pilihan Alternatif”. Dengan keadaan produk ubat-ubatan kita yang banyak dicemari bahan haram maka rasanya wajib untuk anda memiliki buku ini. 

Harap informasi ini dapat membantu anda.

thank to Gganu and all TKO forumer

azlan

azlan

Persatuan Digital Rakyat Malaysia (MDA) mengesahkanMalaysiakini adalah portal berita nombor satu negara sepanjang bulan lalu.

Dengan 2.7 juta pelawat unik pada April, Malaysiakini mendahuluithe Star (2.4 million), Harian Metro (1.6 million) dan Utusan Malaysia (1.3 million).

Menurut Effective Measure, yang mengumpulkan data bulanan itu kepada MDA, laman yang paling kerap dikunjungi rakyat Malaysia adalahFacebook dengan 8.5 juta pelayar dan diikuti denganGoogle dengan 5 juta pelayar.

Ketua Pegawai EksekutifMalaysiakiniPremesh Chandran (bawah, kanan) berkata jumlah pembaca bagi portal berita bebas itu meningkat 17 peratus berbanding Mac.

“Kami yakin pilihan raya negeri Sarawak menarik minat sebahagian besar pembaca Malaysiakini yang baru itu,” katanya.

“Kenaikkan itu lebih membanggakan kerana laman itu (pada April) diserang DOS (denial of service) dan kami terpaksa menutup laluan kepada semua trafik antarabangsa selama seminggu,” tambahnya.

Serangan yang bermula dua hari selepas kempen pilihan raya 10 hari bermula dan berterusan sehingga hari mengundi.

Trafik antarabangsa lazimnya menyumbang sekitar 15 peratus daripada jumlah trafik kepadaMalaysiakini.

MDA – adalah badan yang dianggotai kebanyaknnya oleh penerbit dan agensi pengiklanan, Mereka memilih Effective Measure yang berpangkalan di Australia sebgai ‘pengukur kadar Internet’ di negara ini yang rasmi.

Persatuan Digital Rakyat Malaysia (MDA) mengesahkanMalaysiakini adalah portal berita nombor satu negara sepanjang bulan lalu.

Dengan 2.7 juta pelawat unik pada April, Malaysiakini mendahuluithe Star (2.4 million), Harian Metro (1.6 million) dan Utusan Malaysia (1.3 million).

Menurut Effective Measure, yang mengumpulkan data bulanan itu kepada MDA, laman yang paling kerap dikunjungi rakyat Malaysia adalahFacebook dengan 8.5 juta pelayar dan diikuti denganGoogle dengan 5 juta pelayar.

Ketua Pegawai EksekutifMalaysiakiniPremesh Chandran (bawah, kanan) berkata jumlah pembaca bagi portal berita bebas itu meningkat 17 peratus berbanding Mac.

“Kami yakin pilihan raya negeri Sarawak menarik minat sebahagian besar pembaca Malaysiakini yang baru itu,” katanya.

“Kenaikkan itu lebih membanggakan kerana laman itu (pada April) diserang DOS (denial of service) dan kami terpaksa menutup laluan kepada semua trafik antarabangsa selama seminggu,” tambahnya.

Serangan yang bermula dua hari selepas kempen pilihan raya 10 hari bermula dan berterusan sehingga hari mengundi.

Trafik antarabangsa lazimnya menyumbang sekitar 15 peratus daripada jumlah trafik kepadaMalaysiakini.

MDA – adalah badan yang dianggotai kebanyaknnya oleh penerbit dan agensi pengiklanan, Mereka memilih Effective Measure yang berpangkalan di Australia sebgai ‘pengukur kadar Internet’ di negara ini yang rasmi.

Close up of Islamic Sabre #10, made by Assad Ullah in the 17th Century.

Close up of Islamic Sabre #10, made by Assad Ullah in the 17th Century.

Peter Paufler (c) 2006
Sabre #10, Berne Historical Museum, Switzerland, Assad Ullah in the 17th Century.

Damascus Steel: Sabre #10, Berne Historical Museum, Switzerland, made by Assad Ullah in the 17th Century.

Peter Paufler (c) 2006

Diceritakan, hebatnya pedang Salahuddin Al-Ayubi mampu membelah saputangan sutera yang melayang jatuh ke atasnya, mampu memotong pedang lawan dan mampu membelah batu tanpa ia menjadi tumpul.

Sejauh mana kita semua mengenali sudut hidup pahlawan Islam terunggul lewat peperangan salib, Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi? Beliau sangat terkenal sebagai sosok kukuh yang berjaya menghantar rasa gerun dan hormat kepada tentera-tentera musuh. Lebih manis lagi, peribadi inilah yang telah memimpin pembebasan Tanah Suci ketiga umat Islam daripada cengkaman Kristian hampir seratus tahun lamanya.

Prof Dr. Peter Paufler and kumpulannya di Teknikal Universiti Dresden, Jerman apabila mereka menemui TIUB KARBON NANO (carbon nanotube) di dalam pedang yang digunakan oleh Salahuddin Al-Ayubi dan tentera-tentera Islam dalam peperangan salib. Carbon nanotube inilah yang telah menjadikan pedang-pedang pejuang Islam sangat istimewa; SANGAT TAJAM tetapi MUDAH LENTUR. Penemuan ini telah diterbitkan oleh jurnal Nature (antara jurnal saintifik paling berpengaruh di dunia) pada tahun 2006

Tahun 1192. Richard yang Berhati Singa(Lion Heart), raja Inggris yang memimpin
tentara Kristen dalam Perang Salib III, bertemu dengan musuh bebuyutannya, pemimpin muslim Salahuddin al-Ayyubi. Kedua pemimpin ini saling menghormati. Kedua pemimpin yang kemudian menjadi legenda itu, demikian Sir Walter Scott mendramatisasi dalam novel The Talisman, memamerkan senjata masing-masing.

Pedang King Richard (lion Heart)

Richard mengeluarkan pedang lebar mengkilap buatan pandai besi terbaik Kepulauan
Inggris. Salahuddin menghunus pedang kesayangannya. Pedang lengkung buatan pandai besi di Damaskus yang tidak mengkilap. kemudian Richard memapas sebuah kotak dari besi hingga putus dan Shallahudin Al Ayubi kemudian melepaskan kain sutra halus hingga terbang dan jatuh di permukaan Pedang Lengkung Damaskus dan kemudian sutra tersebut putus karena sangat tajamnya pedang.(Kisah Logam, buku saku terbitan Pustaka Ladybird)

Sumber 

http://bukitbarisan.wordpress.com/
http://al-fikrah.net/index.php?name=Forums&file=viewtopic&t=15185
http://duha89.blogspot.com/2009/10/salahuddin-al-ayyubi.html

Sejauh mana kita semua mengenali sudut hidup pahlawan Islam terunggul lewat peperangan salib, Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi? Beliau sangat terkenal sebagai sosok kukuh yang berjaya menghantar rasa gerun dan hormat kepada tentera-tentera musuh. Lebih manis lagi, peribadi inilah yang telah memimpin pembebasan Tanah Suci ketiga umat Islam daripada cengkaman Kristian hampir seratus tahun lamanya.

Keistimewaan Salahuddin Al-Ayubi telah dibongkar oleh Prof Dr. Peter Paufler and kumpulannya di Teknikal Universiti Dresden, Jerman apabila mereka menemui TIUB KARBON NANO (carbon nanotube) di dalam pedang yang digunakan oleh Salahuddin Al-Ayubi dan tentera-tentera Islam dalam peperangan salib. Carbon nanotube inilah yang telah menjadikan pedang-pedang pejuang Islam sangat istimewa; SANGAT TAJAM tetapi MUDAH LENTUR. Penemuan ini telah diterbitkan oleh jurnal Nature (antara jurnal saintifik paling berpengaruh di dunia) pada tahun 2006:

www.nature.com/nature/…4286a.html

(nota: perlu langganan pembaca) atau sila rujuk ulasan yang berkaitan oleh Royal Society of Chemistry, UK di:

www.rsc.org/chemistryw…110602.asp

Kunci kepada teknologi nano pedang mujahidin Islam ini terletak kepada teknik pembuatannya yang unik. Bijih besi dari India yang dikenali sebagai wootz mengandungi sejumlah peratusan unsur karbon (carbon) yang memberikannya sifat rapuh (brittle). Apabila dikenakan suhu yang amat tinggi, sekitar 800°C, campuran besi dan karbon tadi akan ditambah dengan unsur-unsur seperti Kromium, Mangan, Kobalt dan beberapa unsur lain yang telah memberikannya sifat-sifat sebilah pedang setiawan: TAJAM lagi LENTUR. Sayang sekali, teknologi ini telah lenyap menginjak kurun ke-18 seiring dengan kepupusan bijih besi dan unsur-unsur penguat pedang tadi.

Penempa-penempa pedang ini, biaroun secara tidak sedar, telah meletakkan dua asas penting kepada permulaan sains bahan moden: 1) Campuran bahan-bahan kimia pada peratusan yang sesuai dan 2) Teknik penggunaan haba yang tinggi untuk pembikinan produk.

Tentera-tentera salib terkedu saat-saat “perkenalan” mereka dengan pedang nano pejuang Islam! Pedang nano Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi yang berwarna kebiru-biruan dengan larik-larik mengufuk di sepanjang bilahnya telah “mengajar” pedang lebar Inggeris kepunyaan Raja Richard I (kepala tentera salib) akan erti kehebatan teknologi Islam pada zaman itu seperti yang dihikayatkan oleh Sir Walter Scott di dalam bukunya “The Talisman”. Perumpamaan yang dilontarkan ialah pedang Salahuddin ini mampu membelah dua kain sutera di udara begitu sahaja manakala jika ia ditetakkan kepada batu pejal, magnitud ketajamannya sama sekali tidak terjejas!

Masih tercari-cari model untuk berjaya dalam hidup? Teladanilah kualiti Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi. Pahlawan agama ini malah seorang ilmuwan dan ahli ibadat; sangat menjaga solat berjemaah, gemar mendengar hadis Rasulullah SAW, hidup zuhud, pemurah dan ceria tetapi gagah berani di medan perang. Riwayat-riwayat mengenai Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi boleh dikutip, di antaranya menerusi buku Al-Bidayah wa Al-Nihayah karangan Imam Ibnu Kathir dan Siyar A’lam Al-Nubala’ karya Imam Al-Zahabi. Sungguh! Pedang nano hanyalah sebilah besi biasa dan tidak bermakna melainkan ia berada di tangan hamba Allah yang berkualiti seperti Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi!

Ahmad Faiz bin Abdul Latip
Kajang

Sila lihat peribadi Salahuddin dengan lebih dekat di:

ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/…_al-Ayyubi

In Sir Walter Scott’s book The Talisman, he recreated the scene of October 1192, when Richard Lionheart of England and Saladin the Saracen met to end the Third Crusade (there would be five more after Richard retired to England, depending on how youcount your crusades). Scott imagined an arms demonstration between the two men, Richard wielding a good English broadsword and Saladin, a scimitar of Damascus steel, “a curved and narrow blade, which glittered not like the swords of the Franks, but was, on the contrary, of a dull blue colour, marked with ten millions of meandering lines…” This fearsome weapon, at least in Scott’s overblown prose, represented the winner in this medieval arms race… or at least a fair match.

Damascus Steel: Understanding the Alchemy

The legendary sword known as the Damascus steel intimidated the European invaders into the ‘Holy Lands’ of the Islamic civilization throughout the Crusades (AD 1095-1270). Blacksmiths in Europe attempted to match the steel, using thepattern welding technique of alternating layers of steel and iron, folding and twisting the metal during the forging process. (Pattern welding was a technique used by swordmakers from around the world, including Celts of the 6th century BC,Vikings of the 11th century AD and the 13th century Japanese.) In some cases, the European blacksmiths etched the blade or overlaid the surface of the blade with silver or copper filigree to imitate the characteristic watery lines of the Damascus steel blade. Some scholars credit this search for the Damascus steel process as the origins of modern materials science. But the European blacksmiths never duplicated the solid core Damascus steel, and the secret of its construction was lost even to the Islamic blacksmiths in the mid-18th century.

Wootz Steel and Saracen Blades

What is known today about “true” or “oriental” Damascus steel is that it was made from a raw material called wootz steel. Wootz was an exceptional grade of iron ore steel first made in southern and south central India and Sri Lanka perhaps as early as 300 BC. Wootz was extracted from raw iron ore and formed using a crucible to melt, burn away impurities and add important ingredients, including a high carbon content (nearly 1.5% by weight—wrought iron typically has carbon content around .1%). 

The high carbon content is the key–and the achilles heel–in the manufacturing process. High carbon content makes the keen edge and its durability possible; but its presence in the mixture is almost impossible to control. Too little carbon and the resulting stuff is wrought iron, too soft for these purposes; too much and you get cast iron, too brittle. If the process doesn’t go right, the steel forms plates of cementite, a phase of iron which is hopelessly fragile. Somehow, Islamic metallurgists were able to control for the inherent fragility and forge the raw material into fighting weapons, an ability that somehow was lost in the mid-18th century. 

But the problem is: it doesn’t really make any sense that blacksmiths would lose such a useful technology. Since the knowledge of the forgers has been lost many researchers have sought it, and in fact this report is based on their findings over the past decade or more. But in a recent article in Nature, a research team led by Peter Paufler at the University of Dresden report that they may have an idea of the mechanics of how the high carbon steel was created and why it disappeared. That idea lies in that most modern of materials sciences: nanotechnology.

The word ‘nanotechnology’ might seem a little odd to be applied to a technology that is clearly several centuries old. After all, a ‘nanometer’ is something that means one billionth part of meter, something no one could have measured until very recently. But in this sense, nanotechnology refers to the purposeful (and accidental) inclusion of very very tiny amounts of materials to create chemical reactions at the quantum level. Nanotechnology played a role in the mixing of Maya blue, that amazing color in Maya murals from 8th century America. Stained glass windowsfrom the European Renaissance, colored glasses in Bronze Age Egypt, and violins from the 18th century master Stradivari all benefited from the creative use of tiny amounts of inclusions of foreign matter placed into created objects, creating quantum level qualitative changes in the product. Nanotechnology then is alchemy in its most pure form. 

And so, nanotechnology–the inclusion of tiny amounts of foreign matter into a smelted iron product–had a crucial role in the construction of the Damascan blade. But… what were those elements and how did they get in there? The secret alchemy of making a Damascan blade was lost by the middle of the 18th century. European blacksmiths before then, and all those who came before the end of the last century who attempted to make their own blades failed to overcome the problems inherent in a high-carbon content, and could not explain how ancient Syrian blacksmiths achieved the filigreed surface and quality of the finished product.

Damascan Steel and Electron Microscopy

What the research team led by Paufler has done has been to use current nanotechnology to examine the microstructure of a Damascan blade using a scanning electron microscope. Investigations have determined that there are two pieces involved to this puzzle: both inclusions into the raw ore itself and the forging process completed in the mideast. Known purposeful additions to Wootz steel include the bark of Cassia auriculata (used in tanning) and the leaves of Calotropis gigantea (a milkweed). Spectroscopy has also identified tiny amounts of vanadium, chromium, manganese, cobalt, and nickel, and some rare elements, traces of which presumably came from the mines in India. 

These materials were already in the raw steel, but what Paufler and associates also identified in the steel were quantum level changes made in the metal which must have occurred during manufacture. They postulate that during the smith’s cyclic heating and forging processes, the metal developed a microstructure called ‘carbide nanotubes’, extremely hard tubes of carbon that are expressed on the surface and create the blade’s hardness. Thus, by blending the unique characteristics of Wootz steel with a forging process that included tiny amounts of specialized materials, the blacksmiths of the Islamic Civilization were able to create the Damascan steel. What happened in the mid-18th century was that the chemical makeup of the raw material altered–the minute quantities of one or more of the minerals disappeared, perhaps because the particular lode was exhausted. Such a difference would not have been apparent to the blacksmith visually; but, interestingly, the blacksmiths may have extended the life of the process by including small pieces of the previous batch in each new batch. 

We modern archaeologists like to say that the elite stuff, the expensive goods that were restricted to the upper classes, really have no interest to us. But cracking the code of how metallurgists made the elite Damascus steel! I vote for that.

Sources

Helmut Föll. n.d. Damascene Technique in Metalworking. This is a fascinating website in English and German by materials scientist Föll of the University of Kiel, with lots of details about the process and history of Damascus steel.

Lee A. Jones. 1998. Blade Patterns Intrinsic to Steel Edged Weapons. On Helmut Föll’s website.

M. Reibold et al. 2006. Carbon nanotubes in an ancient Damascus sabreNature 444:286.

Sharada Srinivasan and Srinivasa Ranganathan. 2004. India’s Legendary Wootz Steel: An advanced material of the ancient world. National Institute of Advanced Studies and the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.

S. Srinivasan and S. Ranganathan. ca. 1997. Wootz Steel: An Advanced Material of the Ancient World.

John D. Verhoeven. 2001. The Mystery of Damascus Blades. Scientific American

J.D. Verhoeven, A.H. Pendray, and W.E. Dauksch. 1998. The Key Role of Impurities in Ancient Damascus Steel BladesJOM 50(9):58-64.


How Much Is 5 GB & Is It Enough?

Posted: May 18, 2011 in Useful

Unlocking The 3G Data Cap Mystery

When AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile & Verizon say you can use 5 GB (gigabytes) of data each month, it’s like telling someone they can have 95,236 calories for the month.

Huh?

What the heck is that?

If it were daytime minutes then it’s something you’d get right away. Not something that’s super hard to figure out since it’s based on time. That’s something you deal with everyday.

On the other hand, who thinks in kb, MB, and GB?

Let’s be honest, did you check how many kb you used to load this webpage? Even if you did, who’d want that mind-numbing job all day?

You’ve got a life and time is short.

Instead, there’s got to be some way to either get an idea of:

  1. What Can You Do With 5GB?
  2. Is 5 GB Enough For You?
  3. How To Keep Track Of Data Use (like how you track your cell phone minutes).

By figuring that stuff out, you’ll be able to enjoy the freedom of mobile broadband, work from anywhere and anytime. No more piggybacking on unreliable free WiFi, imposing on friends everytime you visit, or being stuck with abysmally slow dial up.

On the other hand, if you don’t know how much 5GB is and how to keep track, then you run the risk of paying practically a second mortgage on your house in addition to the normal $60 a month AT&T, Sprint & Verizon like to charge.

So let’s get to demystifying all the techno-jargon.

So What Can You Do With 5GB?

Here’s a roundup of things you might do, how much bandwidth (data) they’d eat up out of 5 GB and how many times you could do each:

Stuff You Might Do How Much It Uses How Many Times Could You Do It With 300 MB How Many Times You Could Do It With 5GB
Email (no attachment) 3 KB 99,998 1,666,667
Update Facebook Status 25-40 KB 7,500 – 12,000 125,000 – 200,000
Word document 70 KB 4283 71,429
Web page look-up 150 KB 2003 33,333
Low resolution digital image 500 KB 600 10,000
PowerPoint presentation 3 MB 98 1,667
Download a Song (3 minutes) 3 MB 98 1,667
YouTube video (3 minutes) 15 MB 23 333
1 hour of Skype (audio) @ 64kb/s 28 MB 10 178
1 hour of MagicJack @ 128kb/s 56 MB 5 89
1 hour of Skype Video Chat @ 384 kb/s 169 MB 1.5 29
TV show download (30 minutes) 350 MB 0 14
Movie download 700 MB 0 7

*This doesn’t include software updates that can easily blow you through your limit each month especially if you’ve got them set to automatic. As soon as you turn your back they’ll be eating up your 5 GB limit. To avoid that, you may need to turn them off or closely monitor the size of each update.

Is 5 GB Enough For You?

While the table above is handy, who really sits down and just does any single one of these things online?

Even if you just do email, you’ll have emails with attachments and emails that don’t have attachments. On the flip side however, it’s easy to see what sucks up the most data.

If you didn’t do video and music, it’d be actually hard to blow through 5 GB of data each month. This is doubly true if mobile broadband wasn’t your primary connection to the internet.

I’ll

give it to you straight.

A 5 GB plan will cover most people’s needs. It is not for power users. Now, how do you figure out if you’re regular or a power user?

Ask

yourself these questions:

Questions Average User Power User
Use the internet more than 3 hours per day? No Yes
Will mobile broadband be your main connection? No Yes
Do you download movies or music regularly? No Yes
Do you stream movies or music regularly? No Yes

Answered

yes to more than 1 of these questions? Then you’re probably a power

user and should check out an unlimited plan if Clear 4G WiMAX is in your area.

If you are a mobile worker that uses mobile broadband as a secondary connection, you will most likely be fine with a 5 Gigabytes.

A Real World Example Of 5 GB Being More Than Enough

The Nielson company (the TV ratings guys) did a study showing the average amount of time spent online by most people being 68 hours.

That’s about 2 hours and 15 minutes a day. The big question becomes, what do you do during your time online? That’d become the biggest factor in whether or not 5 GB is enough for you.

Using the data from the table of example activities, let’s see how that might work out if you did almost double the time of the average person:

The Scenario

Let’s say you use the internet for 4 hours per day. You browse the web for 2 hours, check email for an hour, and make skype phone calls for another hour.

Let’s also say you spend about 1 minute per email and about 2 minutes per web page. That means you’d get through 60 emails (half have attachments while the others don’t) and 60 web pages.

30 emails without attachments = 90 KB = 0.09 MB

30 emails with attachments = 100 KB * 30 = 3000 KB = 3 MB

60 web pages = 150 KB * 60 = 9500 KB = 9 MB

1 hour of Skype = 28 MB

That’s about 40.09 MB per day or about 1202.7 MB (1.2 GB)

You could check email, browse the web and talk on Skype for a total of 4 hours everyday and only use 1.2 GB each month.

You’d still have 3.8 Gigabytes left over each month that you could download 5 movies with.

But what if you still have concerns and just want to check in to see how you’re doing each week or every other day?

It definitely doesn’t hurt to be in control by knowing exactly how much you’re using as you’re using it.

Here’s How To Keep Track of Your Data Usage Anytime

How you keep track of you data usage will vary from carrier to carrier. For most however, it’s pretty much the same deal.

1. Log into their website

2. Click around

3. View your usage

Checking Data Usage with AT&T

You can check your data usage by logging into at wireless.att.com. If you haven’t created an account you’ll need to ‘sign up’. When logged in, click the “account overview” tab (close to the top) and select the device you want to check the usage for.

Kadar Cukai Pendapatan

Posted: May 12, 2011 in Useful

http://www.hasil.gov.my/goindex.php?kump=5&skum=1&posi=2&unit=5000&sequ=11

Tahun taksiran 2010

Banjaran Pendapatan Bercukai

Pengiraan (RM)

Kadar %

Cukai(RM)

0-2500

2,500 pertama

0

0

2,501-5,000

2,500 berikutnya

1

25

5,001-10,000

5,000 pertama
5,000 berikutnya

3

25
150

10,001-20,000

10,000 pertama
10,000 berikutnya

3

175
300

20,001-35,000

20,000 pertama
15,000 berikutnya

7

475
1,050

35,001-50,000

35,000 pertama
15,000 berikunya

12

1,525
1,800

50,001-70,000

50,000 pertama
20,000 berikutnya

19

3,325
3,800

70,001-100,000

70,000 pertama
30,000 berikutnya

24

7,125
7,200

100,001-150,000

100,000 pertama
50,000 berikutnya

26

14,325
13,000

150,001-250,000

150,000 pertama
100,000 berikutnya

26

27,325
26,000

Lebih 250,000

250,000 pertama
Setiap ringgit berikutnya

26

53,325
………..